600,000 Rohingya in Myanmar face serious risk of genocide, persecution – UN

  • United Nations fact-finding mission hinted that the repatriation of about a million Rohingians remains impossible.
  • Some 600,000 Rohingya are living in deplorable conditions in Rakhine state subject to the restriction on the movement, the report read.
  • Mission report said to have a confidential list of more than 100 names, including officials, suspected of being involved in the genocide of Rohingya.
UN_Rohingya_Refugees
Rohingya refugee fleeing persecution – photo source UN.

Faced with the long history of persecution, violence, and discrimination Rohingya are a Muslim minority group in Burma. Rohingya have also been denied their citizenship rights apart from confronting several restrictions at the hands of the administration.

Why Rohingya are stateless?

The Muslim majority Rohingya are based in Myanmar for decades but the state government still considers them as illegal immigrants. The atrocities that Rohingians have to bear accounts for the worst form of ethnic cleansing and still no one feels accountable for the genocide: neither the state government nor the military leadership.

In a recent report, the United Nations fact-finding mission hinted that the repatriation of about a million Rohingians that were forced to move from their lands due to unjust treatment by the military remains impossible.

More than 70,000 Rohingya fled from Rakhine to neighboring Bangladesh following a crackdown that began in August 2017. These Rohingya refugees joined those already living in Southern Bangladesh.

UN fact-finding mission calls for accountability

The UN fact-finding mission was set up by the UN Human Rights Council in March 2017. The mission in its latest report also called for the trial of top military generals of Myanmar for the crimes of murder, gang rape, and arson during the crackdown on Rohingya.

“Accountability is important not only to the victims but also to uphold the rule of law. It is also important to prevent the repetition of past conduct and also to prevent future violations,” said one of the mission’s experts.

“Some 600,000 Rohingya are living in deplorable conditions in Rakhine state subject to the restriction on the movement that touches almost every aspect of their lives, the report read.

It further pointed out that the factors that contributed to the rapes, torture, forced displacement and other serious human rights violations at the hands of Myanmar’s military and other government authorities are still present.

The investigators highlighted in the report that Myanmar continuous to harbor genocidal intent and the Rohingya remain under serious risk of genocide. The report of the fact-finding mission was to be presented before the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva as of today.

UN mission asks to refer Myanmar to ICC

The mission once again called for the United Nations Security Council to refer Myanmar to the International Criminal Court (ICC) and also calls for the tribunal to be set up otherwise like that of Yugoslavia and Rwanda.

Also See: Myanmar’s Military Was Responsible For 82 Percent Of Gang-Rapes Of Rohingya, UN Report

Mission report said to have a confidential list of more than 100 names, including officials, suspected of being involved in the genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in addition to the six generals who were blamed publicly last year.

The report urges foreign governments to sever business ties with the Myanmar military

The UN fact-finding mission also reiterated its stance for calling foreign governments and companies to sever business ties with the military and also called for a ban on investment and development assistance in Rakhine state.

Situation in Camps

UN Human Rights experts also warned about the deplorable state of Rohingya people living in the refugee camps in the bordering areas of Bangladesh.

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