All you need to know: Chinese soldiers march into Indian territory, entire Galwan Valley claimed
The two sides have not fired a bullet since 1975, but small-scale clashes have escalated in recent weeks.
- Over the past 10 days, China has captured a large part of the Galwan valley, a portion of which lies in India’s Ladakh region.
- In the past, the valley was a flashpoint for the 1962 Sino-Indian war.
- High-level Indian and Chinese military commanders have also met across the LAC to defuse the situation.
Close to 10,000 soldiers of China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) are now present in Indian territory (Ladakh), Business Standard quoting sources reported.
Ladakh was part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, which has been the subject of dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947. The Galwan Valley lies in Ladakh and Aksai Chin, both of which are unanimously claimed by India and China. While India controls the former, China administers the latter.
The valley was an area of heavy stand-off during the 1962 Sino-Indian war. This is China’s first attempt to make alterations on this part of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) since the sixties.
The PLA did not only cross China’s own claim line (which Beijing had stated was the border with India) but it also further breached 3-4 kilometers into Indian territory.
In response, India has moved a large number of its own troops to the disturbed area.
This is not the first time both countries have conflicted this year.
Earlier in May, Indian and Chinese troops clashed at two different sections of the LAC. The skirmishes near Pangong lake in India’s Ladakh and the Naku La mountain pass in Sikkim resulted in injuries on both sides.
Amidst the on-going conflict, Chinese President Xi Jinping urged the country’s military brass to achieve the targets of ‘strengthening’ China’s national defense and armed forces.
Chinese state-owned tabloid Global Times characterized China’s actions at the LAC as a robust military response to “India’s illegal trespassing incident.”
A Chinese defense website with close links to the PLA has also claimed that the entire Galwan River valley is a part of China, further fueling the conflict.
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