Electricity shortages in Iran causes load-shedding in several districts of Balochistan, including Gwadar

Several areas of Balochistan are not connected to Pakistan's national grid but to Iran's.

Marine Drive in Gwadar before electricity shortages.

Several areas of Balochistan, including Gwadar, have been suffering from prolonged power outages for over three weeks.

The power outages are due to the reduction in electricity being supplied by Iran.

Pakistan's unexpected dilemma: too much electricity - Newspaper - DAWN.COM

This was revealed by the Minister for Energy, Hammad Azhar, in a post on Twitter.

The Energy Minister revealed that the power outages in Iran had lead to load-shedding in several areas of Balochistan, including Gwadar, Turbat, and Makran districts.

The areas suffering from power shortfalls were not connected to the national grid but were dependant on Iranian electricity.

Azhar revealed that the government has taken up this issue with the Iranian authorities and urged them to restore the electricity supply.

Pakistan-Iran Electricity Agreement

In 2003, an agreement between Pakistan and Iran was signed under which Iran had to supply 35 megawatts to Balochistan’s coastal belt daily.

In 2011, the agreement was extended, and Pakistan asked Iran to grow the capacity to 70 megawatts.

In 2016, the work on the Gwadar Port gained momentum, and 30 megawatts were further added to the power supply, taking Iran’s supply of electricity to Balochistan’s coastal belt to 100 megawatts.

On the 6th of July, 2021, Iran abruptly cut down the electrical supply from 100 to only 10 megawatts without any prior warning.

Gwadar by night before electricity shortages. (wetlandsofpakistan/Flickr)

These remaining 10 megawatts cannot be provided to ordinary people as they are being used for crucial projects, which would malfunction without electricity.

It is pertinent to note that Iran is also facing power outages within the country.

How can the issue be addressed?

The Energy Minister disclosed in another post on Twitter that the Government of Pakistan is working to connect the areas of Balochistan facing power shortages with the national grid.

This will create a uniform electricity supply in Pakistan and can prevent such lengthy power outages on which the authorities have no control to prevent.

The work is expected to be completed within two years.

Moreover, it can be suggested to the Government of Balochistan to utilize its natural topography and go for green power sources.

Solar

It is mostly sunny in the coastal belt region of Balochistan all year round. So, the authorities can establish solar panels to deal with the electricity crisis.

Solar panels, such as these, can be installed in Balochistan to deal with the electricity crisis.

How solar panels work.

Windmills

Likewise, the authorities can establish windmills on the coast of Balochistan to take advantage of the winds blowing from the Arabian Sea and generate electricity from it.

Windmills, such as these, can be installed in Balochistan to deal with the electricity crisis.
Wind mapping locations of the coastal area of Balochistan. (www.met.gov.pk)
How windmills work.

Coastal energy

Balochistan is blessed with a long coastal belt and the authorities can take advantage of it.

The government can establish wave energy converters (WECs) along the long coastal belt to deal with the energy crisis in the province.

Wave energy converters (WECs), such as these, can be installed in Balochistan to deal with the electricity crisis.
How wave energy converters (WECs) make electricity.

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