Female labour force participation increases in Pakistan; decreases in India

The International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) study has revealed that Pakistan has witnessed a 2 per cent increase in female labour force participation during the last three decades.

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The International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) study has revealed that Pakistan has witnessed a 2 per cent increase in the participation of the female labour force during the last three decades.

According to the IMF report, women in many countries do not have equal opportunities as men do to contribute economic activities. Even though the gender gap in labour force participation has dropped significantly over the past 30 years, the average female participation remains below the number of their male counterparts.

The improved female labour force participation and constant male labour force participation led to a 7% decline in the global gender gap, which decreased to 20 percentage points in 2018. On average, only 60% of 15- to 64-year-old women were in the labour force in 2018 as compared to 80% of men. Moreover, in 21 countries, including India, Pakistan and Egypt, female labour force participation was recorded below 30%.

Female labor force participation in various countries

Algeria and Jordan15%
Iceland86%

 

Average Statistics between 1990 and 2018

 India and Sri Lanka1 per cent decrease
Pakistan, Peru and Spain2 per cent increase

 

Why women economic empowerment is important

  • Women economic empowerment has a direct impact on productivity.
  • It brings better diversity that can rear new ideas for production, management, and boosting aggregate productivity.
  • It has essential macroeconomic and distributional effects.

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