Finally some good news – the latest images from NASA (National Aeronautics And Space Administration) has shown that Pakistan is rapidly turning green. Due to reforestation efforts, it is among the most greening countries.
Pakistan’s arable land has been growing in double digits in the last few decades. The positive change was particularly seen over the last four to five years. As per FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization)) report, the country arable land has grown from 600,000 hectares between 2014 and 2016.
During the last two years, it has grown from increased from 36,252,000 hectares to 36,844,000 hectares. We do owe Prime Minister Imran Khan’s Billion Tree Tsunami initiative, that will tree plantation, also raised awareness among general masses for its significance.
On the other hand, Pakistan has also seen deforestation during this period. The area under forests has shrunk from 1,515,000 hectares in 2014 to 1.429,000 hectares in 2016.
WHERE DO WE STAND?
Over the past few years, Pakistan’s weather pattern has changed drastically. However, what we have failed to realize where we have played part in it on individual and collective level. What continues to make the situation further worse is our denial of the problem, which has lead to a situation where Pakistan stood at the last position of Asia’s most tree-filled countries in 2018. Pakistan has only 1.9% of the land area under forest cover. India on the under has 24.1%, still standing in bottom four.
Pakistan lost 840,000 hectors of forest area during the year 1990 to 2010. The rate of loss of forests per year is 42000 ha, which is daunting. Deforestation has contributed to rising health implications as well as climatic implications on a wider sphere.
HOW DEFORESTATION IS IMPACTING US:
As per United Nation’s standards, a country must have 25% of the area covered in forests to ensure sustainability and climatic equilibrium. However, when the countries are working towards improvement in this department and are striving to acquire green economy, Pakistan is still in denial, maintaining their deaf ear to it even though it hasn’t done us any favor in past.
Due to Pakistan’s diverse topographic and demographic setting, Pakistan is quite vulnerable to climate-related issues. As an implication, Himalayan and Hindu Kush glaciers are melting rapidly as an aftereffect of climate change. Pakistan’s 5000 glaciers are also retreating faster than any other country in the world, causing variability in monsoon rains and floods.
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