Report: India Falls 8 Ranks Below Pakistan In Global Hunger Index

The report also mentioned Nepal’s decrease in child stunting, from 56.6% in 2001 to 40.1%  in 2011.

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Hunger-Index In the 2019 GHI (Global Hunger Index) report, India has secured 102nd position among 117 countries. It continues to slide down in rankings, as in 2014 India was ranked 55 out of the 77 countries.

However, precise comparisons cannot be drawn due to changes in parameters and the number of total countries, but GHI 2019 report has been a reason for massive criticism for the currently present dispensation in India.

The annual index tracks and marks hunger at global, national and regional levels, this helps in examining the progress and setbacks in defeating world hunger. India, in the latest list, ranked below these countries in South Asian nations: Pakistan, which stands at 94, Bangladesh, at 88, and Sri Lanka, which was 66th on the list.

As per the report prepared by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide, India is one of the 45 countries with serious hunger levels.

“In India, just 9.6 percent of all children between six to 23 months of age are fed a minimum acceptable diet. As of 2015-2016, 90 percent of Indian households used an improved drinking water source while 39 percent of households had no sanitation facilities (IIPS and ICF 2017),” – the report quoted.

‘Open defecation is still practiced in India’

In contrast to the announcement Narendra Modi, Indian Prime Minister, made on October 2nd when he declared rural India Open Defecation Free (ODF), the report suggested otherwise. It stated that ‘open defecation is still practiced in India’.

“In 2014 the Prime Minister instituted the ‘Clean India’ campaign to end open defecation and ensure that all households had latrines. Even with new latrine construction, open defecation is still practiced. This situation jeopardizes the population’s health and consequently children’s growth and development as their ability to absorb nutrients is compromised,” – the report said, but it doesn’t specify whether the observations were made of urban or rural India.

The report appreciated efforts being made by Nepal and Bangladesh in fighting hunger.

“Outside of India, two countries in South Asia have made significant advances in child nutrition and their experiences are instructive,” – the report added.

While mentioning Bangladesh’s steady economic growth, the report said:

“The authors conclude that success in this area can be achieved with robust economic growth and attention to ‘nutrition-sensitive’ sectors such as education, sanitation, and health. A 2015 study sought to identify the reasons behind the decline in stunting in Bangladesh at the national level from 58.5 percent in 1997 to 40.2 percent in 2011.”

“The study attributed the decrease primarily to rising household wealth associated with pro-poor economic growth and gains in parental education, as well as health, sanitation, and demographic factors reflecting decreased fertility rates. The authors conclude that success in this area can be achieved with robust economic growth and attention to ‘nutrition-sensitive’ sectors such as education, sanitation, and health.” – It continued.

The report also mentioned Nepal’s decrease in child stunting, from 56.6% in 2001 to 40.1%  in 2011.

“Nepal’s remarkable reduction in child stunting from 56.6 percent in 2001 to 40.1 percent in 2011 is associated with and likely attributable to, increased household assets (a proxy for household wealth), increased maternal education, improved sanitation, and implementation and use of health and nutrition programs, including antenatal and neonatal care,” – the report cited.

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2019 shows the level of hunger and under-nutrition across the world, this is based on four factors: undernourishment, child stunting, child wasting, and child mortality-since 2000.

What are your views on this? Share with us in the comments bar below.

  • both countries need to focus on their poverty…instead of silly wars…this will take them towards destruction

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