Shrinking resources, increasing burden: Pakistan becomes 5th most populous country

Pakistan is now the fifth most populated nation in the world behind China, India, the United States, and Indonesia.

5th populous country

Pakistan has become the world’s 5th most populous country. According to a German media report, the UN has stated that Pakistan reported a population of 220.1 million on the 11th of July 2020 (World population day), leaving Brazil behind. The South American country is home to 212.5 million people.

5th Populous Country

Pakistan is now the fifth most populated nation in the world behind China, India, the United States, and Indonesia.

According to the UN, Pakistan’s population has grown six times from July 1950 to July 2020. Currently, the country’s annual birth rate stands at 2.8 percent.

Also, Pakistan has the highest population growth rate among SAARC countries at 2.8 percent, which means an increase of 3.6 million people every year.

According to the report, Pakistan’s population will reach a whopping 250.13 million by 2030. Moreover, if the pace continues, it will double in size in the next 34 years.

Shrinking resources, increasing burden

5th populous country

The Director of an NGO named Population Council, Dr. Zeba Sattar, said, “The report should serve as an eye-opener for the federal government and general public. This year June, we were on the sixth level, but in July, just in one month, we are standing at the fifth level in terms of the population.”

The Director added that the increase in population makes it more difficult for the government to provide even the basic needs of life to its people. Parents should go for family planning so that their children could enjoy all the rights, like education, food, and shelter.

Six censuses in 7 decades

Since 1951, there have been only six national censuses (1961, 1972, 1981, 1998 and 2017). Delays and gaps have often been due to the politicization of the issue.

In March 2017, the country carried out the census after nearly two decades. The successful execution of the poll was made possible mainly due to improved security conditions in the region.

Growth Rate

More than 60 years have passed, millions of dollars have been spent, multiple resources have been exhausted, and Pakistan still adds four million people to its population each year.

According to UN projections, the population of Pakistan will grow over 380 million by the year 2050, surpassing The US, Indonesia, and Russia to become the world’s third-largest country. With the massive population growth rate, Pakistan will experience dramatic declines in per capita availability of productive land, water, and forest resources.

Family Planning Programs

Family planning programs were started in the 1950s and 1960s by private and government institutions. Donors such as the World Bank and the UN, along with the government of Pakistan, funded the programs for family planning (FP).

What went wrong and why?

  • Failure of Pakistan family planning program.
  • Religious controversies about women’s role in society have spilled over into the family planning debate. The organized religious, political parties officially oppose the population programs, and many people still believe that family planning is un-Islamic.
  • A preference for sons over daughters for labor and old age security leads to an increase in the population.
  • Poor communication between spouses complicates differences in family size desires. Both husbands and wives do not know their spouse’s attitude towards family planning.
  • Literacy rates in Pakistan are among the lowest in the world. Women with secondary education are three times more likely to use family planning than those who never attended school.
  • Uncertainty regarding government and international donor’s willingness to continue to provide adequate financial support. Budget deficits and economic pressures pose a constant threat to social spending, especially population programs.
  • The federal and provincial population programs with the government system have not enjoyed the same standing as most other government agencies and departments.

Pakistan Population (1950-2020)

5th populous country
Source: Worldometer (

Pakistan Population Forecast

5th populous country
Source: Worldometer (

Population of Pakistan (2020 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Median AgeFertility RateCountry’s Share of
World Pop
Global Rank
2020220,892,3402.00 %4,327,02222.83.552.83 %5
2015199,426,9642.14 %4,000,46521.83.782.70 %6
2010179,424,6412.28 %3,824,12720.74.172.58 %6
2005160,304,0082.41 %3,592,08619.64.712.45 %6
2000142,343,5782.83 %3,713,34818.85.372.32 %7
1995123,776,8392.83 %3,225,78418.45.962.15 %8
1990107,647,9213.15 %3,091,28218.56.302.02 %8
198592,191,5103.39 %2,827,43318.66.441.89 %8
198078,054,3433.16 %2,247,49318.56.601.75 %10
197566,816,8772.82 %1,734,96318.66.601.64 %10
197058,142,0602.69 %1,444,81719.36.601.57 %10
196550,917,9752.51 %1,185,85719.96.601.52 %14
196044,988,6902.13 %900,13220.16.601.48 %14
195540,488,0301.52 %589,13120.16.601.46 %14

Source: Worldometer (

Historically, the government has not taken the matter seriously. Pakistan’s population grew from 32.5 million to 177.1 million between 1947 and 2011, and 177.1 million to 220.1 million in 2020.

What are your views on this? Share with us in the comments bar below.

  • All thanx to our Ahole Mullahs !!  They think mindlessly producing children is Sadqa e Jaria. (I say ours because this thinking is embedded mainly in south asian Clergy, others dont have this view), Allah in molvion ko rah-e-rast per layay is say pehlay yeh or is qoum ko tabah kerain.

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