Socio-economic impact of prohibited cluster munitions explained
- 2006 Hezbollah-Israel conflict presents an eye-opening picture of the socio-economic impact of cluster munitions.
- The regions of the world attacked by cluster munitions faced the longlasting impacts.
- Cluster munitions leave an impact not only on the people but on the environment equally well.
- The damage to the agriculture sector due to cluster ammunitions harms the agricultural economy.
- The economic impact also takes the form of clearance cost and cost of risk reduction activities.
Weapons of war have a multidimensional impact on the life of not only those who are directly fighting the war but also affects those people who are in no way involved in the conflict. Despite widespread awareness regarding the negative impact of deadly weapons of war many countries around the world utilize these weapons and increasing the dilemma of pre-existing global crises.
These deadly weapons of war leave an impact not only on the people but on the environment equally well. 2006 Hezbollah-Israel conflict presents an eye-opening picture of the socio-economic impact of cluster munitions. During that conflict, many cluster munitions were fired at residential and agricultural areas which resulted in both short-term impact in the form of death and injuries as well as a long-term effect by contaminating agricultural lands, pastures and range management.
According to the information shared by ICRC, the cluster munitions, when fired either from the artillery or from the airplane, spread a large number of submunitions (bomblets) over the vast areas of land thereby injuring a large number of people. Since these munitions are generally free-falling, incorrect use of them, wind, and other factors can cause them to strike well outside the intended target area.
The damage to the agriculture sector due to cluster ammunitions harms the agricultural economy as the agriculture sector provides a source of livelihood for farmers, landowners and the life of so many people by effecting the overall agricultural production.
Losses of these kinds further the social evil of poverty, economic vulnerability accompanied by the psychological impact on the residents. This also endangers the livestock in the area of attack.
The study conducted by the Center for International Stabilization and Recovery provides an estimated financial cost of the deaths and injuries resulting from the cluster munitions during the 2006 conflict and shows an economic impact of cluster munitions in terms of lost output and income ranges between US$10.8 million and US$86 million.
The economic impact also takes the form of clearance cost and cost of risk reduction activities as the submunitions exploded or unexploded are required to be removed in order to avoid the potential harm that these prohibited munitions can cause.
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