World Health Organization: All you need to know about Ebola outbreak

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  • UN health body declares a global health emergency citing the Ebola outbreak in DRC.
  • More than a thousand have been killed due to ebola in Congo following the outbreak in 2018.
  • WHO issued several instructions for the countries effected with the virus alongside separate instructions for the countries not affected by the disease.
  • Bodily fluids are the main source of infection no matter if the infected human or animal is living or dead.
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World Health Organization declares healthcare emergency following the outbreak of Ebola in DRC – photo courtesy WHO Twitter.

The current outbreak of Ebola in the Congo has been announced as a global public health emergency by UN health agency on Wednesday as the disease largely spreads to urban areas of DRC. The reporting of a new Ebola case in Uganda fuelled concerns that the disease may spread in the neighboring country as well.

“The Ebola outbreak in DRC constitutes a public health emergency of international concern, citing concerning the geographical expansion of the virus,” read the statement shared by WHO on Twitter.

Set of Instructions issued by WHO for the states infected with and fighting the Ebola

 

WHO recommends to continue to strengthen the community awareness, to continue the cross-border screening, to enhance cooperation with UN and partners for risk reduction, and to strengthen the measures to prevent nosocomial infections alongside several other instructions for the Ebola-affected countries. Here is a screenshot enlisting the detailed instructions issued by the world health body for the affected countries.

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First discovered in the late 20th century the disease took its name from the point of its origin – Ebola River. There have been two large scale outbreaks of the viral disease out of which the second outbreak is still at large severely affecting public health responses as well alongside victims.

Also See: Are Climatic Changes Causing Serious Health Challenges?

 

 

Family of Ebola viruses

Ebola virus family includes three genera. Out of these three genera, the genus Zaire ebolavirus reportedly caused the 2014-2016 outbreak in Africa.

Transmission of disease

According to the report of the World Health Organization, the virus is introduced into human beings via close contact with blood and other bodily fluids of infected animals. These animals include fruit bats, chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, etc.

The disease also spreads through human-to-human contact. Even the dead bodies of people who died of Ebola can spread the disease and the indirect spread of the disease happens by coming in contact with the objects contaminated with the germs of disease.

The most pathetic aspect of the disease is its attack on health-care providers when strict preemptive measures have not complied.

Why is it difficult to recognize the exact symptoms?

Fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache, sore throat followed by vomiting, diarrhea, internal as well as external bleeding, and impaired functioning of liver and kidney are some of the vital signs of the disease’s attack.

Many of these symptoms coincide with the other infections making it hard to differentiate the exact cause of initial symptoms, therefore, special diagnostic tests are performed to confirm the ebola attack.

As per figures shared by Aljazeera, the current outbreak of the viral infection has killed 1,676 people – more than two-thirds of those infected by ebola. The disease emerged in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in August 2018.

Do you think that travel bans and excessive screening can considerably reduce the risk of disease spread? Share your arguments in the comment section below 

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